Cover Image

Penentuan Interval Waktu Preventive Maintenance Mesin Dengan Tindakan Berdasarkan Metode Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) Pada PT PLN (Persero) UPK Bukittinggi

Dedi Erawadi, Tri Artono, Ibnul Nanda Rianza, Hendra Hendra, Adriansyah Adriansyah, Abdul Halim


UPK Bukittinggi is a state electricity company in charge of 3 hydropower plants in West Sumatra with a vision to become the leading electricity company in Southeast Asia. To realize this vision, the company must continue to monitor a good level of productivity on the quality of engine performance which must be maintained. For this reason, it is necessary to propose a preventive maintenance plan for each hydropower plant with actions based on the Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) method. The purpose of the study was to calculate the amount of time for repair (Mean Time To Repair) and the amount of time the damage occurred (Mean Time To Failure) as well as determine the maintenance time interval schedule for the equipment experiencing the highest downtime at UPK Bukittinggi. Where the RCM method is integrated with the Failure Mode Effects Analysis (FMEA) method which is used as an analysis of the failure mode that occurs by calculating the highest Risk Priority Number (RPN) value on the machine and then calculating the time interval for damage as the basis for determining the maintenance schedule. The result of the research is that with routine scheduling of machine maintenance will be obtained with time intervals obtained by time intervals and maintenance actions using the RCM method.


motor preventive maintenance, reliability centered maintenance (RCM), Failure Mode Effects Analysis (FMEA)

Full Text:



M. Zainal Arifin, E. Haryono, and N. Arumsari, “Perencanaan Pemeliharaan Dan Optimasi Biaya Perawatan Pada Sistem Utility Dengan Metode Preventive Maintenance,” in Proceedings Conference on Marine Engineering and its Application, 2018.

Y. M. K. Aritonang and A. Setiawan, “Penerapan Metode Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) untuk Menentukan Strategi Perawatan Fasilitas Produksi Kain,” Jurnal Telematika, vol. 7, no. 2. pp. 75–80, 2015.

S. Hartini and R. Adityo, “Analisis Moda Kegagalan Dengan Pendekatan Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) (Studi kasus Baking Section Mesin Imfori PT Nissin Biskuit Indonesia),” J@Ti

Undip : Jurnal Teknik Industri, vol. 1, no. 3. pp. 53–61, 2012.

G. F. Dunton, A. M. Leventhal, A. L. Rebar, B. Gardner, S. S. Intille, and A. J. Rothman, “Towards consensus in conceptualizing and operationalizing physical activity maintenance,” Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 61. p. 102214, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2022.102214.

S. T. A. James Geisbush, “Reliability centered maintenance (RCM)_ literature review of current industry state of practice _ Emerald Insight,” J. Qual. Maint. Eng., 2021, doi:

N. A. A. Azid, S. N. A. Shamsudin, M. S. Yusoff, and H. A. Samat, “Conceptual Analysis and Survey of Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) and Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) Relationship,” IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 530, no. 1. 2019, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/530/1/012050.

W. H. Afiva, F. T. D. Atmaji, and J. Alhilman, “Usulan Interval Preventive Maintenance dan Estimasi Biaya Pemeliharaan Menggunakan Metode Reliability Centered Maintenance dan FMECA,” Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri, vol. 18, no. 2. pp. 213–223, 2019, doi: 10.23917/jiti.v18i2.8551.

I. W. Swikarsa, “Perawatan Mesin Seamer Menggunakan Metode Reliability Centered Maintenance ( Rcm ) Di Pt . Sinar Pure Foods International,” vol. Jurusan Te. p. Universitas Negeri Gorontalo, 2020.

H. C. Liu, J. X. You, and C. Y. Duan, “An integrated approach for failure mode and effect analysis under interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy environment,” International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 207. pp. 163–172, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2017.03.008.

Z. peng Tian, J. qiang Wang, and H. yu Zhang, “An integrated approach for failure mode and effects analysis based on fuzzy best-worst, relative entropy, and VIKOR methods,” Applied Soft Computing Journal, vol. 72. pp. 636–646, 2018, doi:10.1016/j.asoc.2018.03.037.

H. C. Liu, L. E. Wang, X. Y. You, and S. M. Wu, “Failure mode and effect analysis with extended grey relational analysis method in cloud setting,” Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, vol. 30, no. 7–8. pp. 745–767, 2019, doi: 10.1080/14783363.2017.1337506.

M. H. Enjavimadar and M. Rastegar, “Optimal reliability-centered maintenance strategy based on the failure modes and effect analysis in power distribution systems,” Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 203. 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.epsr.2021.107647.

S. Amalia, A. Subekti, and P. A. Setiawan, “Perencanaan Kegiatan Perawatan dengan Metode RCM II (Reliability Centered Maintenance) dan Penentuan Persediaan Suku Cadang Pada Boiler Perusahaan Rokok,” Conference on Safety Engineering and Its Application, vol. 1, no. 1. pp. 341–347, 2018.

I. Bangun, A. Rahman, and Z. Darmawan, “Production Machine Maintenance Planning With Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) II In Blowing Om Machine,” J. Rekayasa Dan Manaj. Sist. Ind., vol. 2, p. 997, 2014.

S. S. Islam, “Analisis Preventive Maintenance Pada Mesin Produksi dengan Metode Fuzzy FMEA,” JTT (Jurnal Teknol. Terpadu), vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 13–20, 2020, doi: 10.32487/jtt.v8i1.766.

Jusolihun Nana, “Perancangan Sistem Perawatan Mesin Air Jet Loom (AJL) dengan Menggunakan Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) (Studi Kasus: PT. Primissima Yogyakarta).” 2019.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 MEDIA PERSPEKTIF : Journal of Technology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.






Published by:


Jl. Dr. Ciptomangkusumo Kampus Gunung Lipan, Samarinda - Kalimantan Timur  75131
Telephone: (0541) 260588, Fax: (0541) 260355


e-ISSN : 2723-6099       p-ISSN: 1412-3819


Creative Commons License 

This MEDIA PERSPEKTIF is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License




 404 Not Found

Not Found

The requested URL was not found on this server.

Additionally, a 404 Not Found error was encountered while trying to use an ErrorDocument to handle the request.